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Abstract

  • The Vespasianus Titus Tunnel in Antioch is without doubt one of the beautiful Roman tunnels to see, constructed for the traditional seaport metropolis of Seleucia in Pieria.
  • The tunnel was half of a bigger water diversion system constructed to guard the traditional metropolis from floods, and it included a dam, channel, and two tunnel sections.
  • The tunnel was ordered by Roman emperors Vespasian and Titus, and later accomplished through the reign of Emperor Antonius Pius. It’s open to the general public and listed on the UNESCO tentative listing of world heritage websites.

Many tunnels have been carved within the historic world from Hezekiah’s Tunnel in ancient Jerusalem (which guests can stroll by way of at present) to the Roman Tunnels of Claudius — the longest tunnels of the ancient world. One other of the beautiful Roman tunnels to see is the Vespasianus Titus Tunnel in Antioch.

Antioch was once the third-largest city of the ancient Roman Empire and remained vital through the Crusader interval. Whereas little of the large historic metropolis is seen at present, one of many enduring Roman monuments is the Vespasianus Titus Tunnel constructed for its neighboring port metropolis of Selecuia in Pieria. The Vespasianus Titus Tunnel was in-built historic Syria (at present within the Hatay province of contemporary Turkey).

The Historical Hellenistic (Greek) Port Metropolis Of Seleucia In Pieria


Vespasianus Titus Tunnel in Turkey
AlexelA / Shutterstock

Vespasianus Titus Tunnel in Turkey

The Vespasianus Titus Tunnel was constructed for the traditional seaport metropolis of Seleucia in Pieria close to Antioch. Seleucia Pieria was based circa 300 BC by the Hellenist Seleucid Empire (one of many fragments of Alexander the Nice’s Empire).

  • Based: 300 BC (By Hellenistic Selecuids)

Town was fought over by the Ptolemies (Greek rulers of Egypt) and the Seleucids. It modified fingers just a few occasions till the Ptolemies have been lastly pushed out of the area in 219 BC. Town grew over time and flourished within the Roman interval.

Within the later Roman Empire, the Emperors Diocletian and Constantius enlarged its harbors which additionally served the Roman navy at totally different durations. A lot of the buildings remaining at present date from the Roman interval (together with the Vespasianus Titus Tunnel).

Associated: This Ancient Roman Tunnel In Jordan Is Believed To Be Longest Of Antiquity

The Historical Roman Seleucia Pieria Diversion System


Titus Tunnel, Antakya Turkey
Shutterstock

Titus Tunnel, Antakya Turkey

One of many many Roman stays to see in Seleucia in Pieria is the Vespasianus Titus Tunnel. It’s an historic water tunnel constructed within the 1st and 2nd centuries AD. It was half of a bigger undertaking to divert water that included a dam, channel, and two tunnel sections.

  • Constructed: 1st and 2nd Centuries AD

The Romans have been nice engineers, they usually sought to discover a resolution for the specter of floods to the traditional metropolis. Not solely would the floods harm town, they might silt up the harbor. The Romans constructed a system of canals and tunnels to divert the floodwaters away.

Elements Of The Water Diversion System:

  • A Dam (To Divert The Water)
  • A Quick Method Tunnel
  • The First Tunnel Part
  • An Middleman Channel
  • The Second Tunnel Part
  • A Lengthy Discharge Channel

The discharge channel was by far the longest section of the diversion system measuring some 635 meters or 2,083 toes lengthy. Based on UNESCO, the whole system together with the tunnels measures 875 meters or 2,870 toes lengthy whereas different sources claim the tunnels or system is 1,380 meters or 4,527 toes lengthy (the discrepancy is probably going a disagreement of precisely components of the system to measure).

Associated: This Adventure-Packed Itinerary Of Paul The Apostle Is More Than Just Religious

The Vespasianus Titus Tunnels Of The Floodwater Diversion System

Because the title suggests, the tunnel was ordered by the Roman emperor Vespasian (who reigned 69 to 79 AD) and continued by his son, Titus (who reigned 79 to 81 AD). It was these emperors who crushed the Jewish revolt and razed Jerusalem in AD 70 after which constructed the Colosseum of Rome (partly with the plunder taken from Judaea).


Church of Saint Peter near Antioch
Shutterstock

Church of Saint Peter close to Antioch

The Vespasianus Titus Tunnel was really accomplished till the reign of Emperor Antonius Pius (who reigned from 138 to 161). Guests can see the names of Vespasianus and Titus carved into the rock on the first tunnel part after which the title of Antonius Pius within the rock on the different part of the tunnel.

Based on UNESCO, the primary tunnel part (known as Tunnel I) is 90 meters (295 toes) lengthy whereas the second tunnel part (known as Tunnel II) is 31 meters (102 toes) lengthy.

  • First Tunnel Size: 90 meters (295 toes)
  • Second Tunnel Size: 31 meters (102 toes)

The Vespasianus Titus Tunnel was constructed on the foot of the Nur Mountains and close to the trendy Turkish village of Cevlik (22 miles or 35 kilometers to the southwest of the trendy metropolis of Antakya constructed on historic Antioch).

Since 2014, the tunnel has been listed on the UNESCO tentative listing of world heritage websites and is open to the general public at present. It’s a reminder not all the good Roman water works have been to carry water into town (like aqueducts) generally they have been to divert water away from town.

  • Tackle: Kapısuyu, 31800 Samandağ/Hatay
  • Opening Hours: 9:00 am to 4:30 pm each day
  • Admission Price: Nominal (worth adjustments regularly as a consequence of excessive inflation in Turkey)

Antioch Mosaic Museum with the largest number of Mosaic works
 isa yurtsever / Shutterstock

 Antioch Mosaic Museum with the most important variety of Mosaic works

No period in human historical past has as many tunnels as now. London is rumored to have the largest secret tunnel system; from deserted metro traces to previous army tunnels and escape tunnels. A few of London’s not-so-secret abandoned tunnels are open to the public.

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